The tires are the cornerstone of any car operational efficiency. It does not only connect your car to the road, but it also plays an important factor in the engine. That’s why you need to give equal attention to its maintenance. To ensure proper maintenance, you need to understand the factors affecting the life of a car tire.
What are the Factors Affecting Tire Performance and Lifespan
Your tires are the only contact you have with the road when driving a vehicle. That is why it is critical to keep them in optimal condition to ensure your safety, as well as the other drivers on the road. If the tires are not in good shape, it can affect the overall condition and performance of your vehicle.
If you are wondering how long your tires should last, then the answer is “it depends.” A typical tire should last for 60,000 to 75,000 miles or about 4 to 5 years. However, several key factors affect the lifespan of your car tires.
- Driving Style
Smoking, drifting tires sure look cool in the movies, but these “cool Hollywood-scene manoeuvres” certainly put your tires to premature wear and tear, shortening their lifespan. Your driving style speaks volumes about the health of your tires. If your vehicle is often subjected to hard acceleration, heavy loads, and aggressive driving over potholes and speed bumps, your tires are at risk of premature wear and tear.
- Proper Tire Type and Installation
When installing tires in a car, make sure they are of the same type. The pattern, size, and loading capacity of tires are unique across brands. A tire can be designed with innovative compound tread and wide circumferential grooves, giving it additional edge and layer of security which cannot be matched by other tire brands.
Using different tire technologies and design does not only affect the overall balance and performance of the tires but also impact the lifespan of all 4 tires. The same happens when tires are installed improperly. It is best to leave the job to the pros.
- Tread Compound
Many manufacturers designed their tires to last about 60,000 miles. However, some sell tires that last as high as 80,000 miles or more, while others will only last 20,000; thanks to their advanced engineering, technology, and design. Also, the tire type can impact the longevity of your tire. For instance, an ultra-high performance tire can last as half the number of miles than a regular car tire. Additionally, summer, winter, and all-season tires have unique treadwear ratings and life expectancy.
- Tire Pressure
Underpressure and overpressure can contribute to a shortened lifespan of your tire. If tire pressure is too low, it puts your tire at risk of radial deformation and excessive deformation on both sidewalls. Underpressure tire also increases the temperature abnormally, hastening the tread and shoulder wear. Heat is a critical factor, causing a serious adverse impact on the health of your tires.
Overpressure, on the other hand, increases the rigidity and deformation of the tire, resulting in a reduced contact area and premature wear in the middle of the tread.
- Tire Temperature
Heat is the number one enemy of rubber tires. When tires are moving at a high speed, they are exposed to optimum stretch, friction, and compression. These contribute to an increase in tire temperature. High tire temperature causes rubber tires to wear out easily and quickly.
- Type of Vehicle
The type of vehicle on which your tires are mounted can be a contributory factor to the useful life of your tires. Compared to a sedan, trucks and SUVs exert more weight on tires; that is why, if you install the wrong tire type, the tire can wear prematurely faster than expected, increasing the risk of blowouts or accidents on the road.
- Load Capacity
Different tires have their unique loading capacity. Exceeding its capacity reduces its lifespan even further. Make sure to stay within the tire’s specified load index for its corresponding maximum load.
- Road Condition
The road’s surface condition can have a direct impact on the health of your tires. Smoothness of the surface, presence of pothole and bumpers, hilly terrain, and slope of the road can have a significant effect on the life of your tires. However, there are certain factors that are beyond your control.
Maintenance Tips to Keep Your Tires in Top Condition
Practicing regular proper tire maintenance keeps your tire in top shape. Here are what you can do to make your tires last:
- Make sure to check the tire pressure every month. Refer to the owner’s manual or on your door placard for the recommended air pressure.
- Rotate your tires regularly. Read the manual for more information on how frequently your tires must be rotated.
- Inspect the balance and alignment of the wheels on a yearly basis. Unbalanced or out of alignment can lead to irregular tread wear and a shorter lifespan.
- Check for any signs of worn-out treads as these can be dangerous. Damaged treads can affect the stopping distance, resulting in car accidents. Bring in your tires to the nearest service centre for a professional tire tread inspection. You can also perform a “quarter test” by inserting a quarter headfirst into the tire tread to check the tread depth. If it fails the “quarter test,” then you will know when it’s time to change your tires.
- Check for any signs of damage and ageing, such as cracks, low tread depth, air bubbles, and uneven wear).
The best way to ensure the longevity of your tires is regular inspection and proper maintenance because they help you detect early warning signs of damage and prevent potential blowouts or accidents while driving on the road.
If you are looking for quality tires in Stoney Creek Hamilton, head to Round & Around Inc. We are your go-to shop for brand new and used tires. Our expert tire technicians will be happy to guide you in choosing the best tire type for your vehicle. Visit our tire shop in Hamilton or give us a call at (905) 393-8474 to learn more about our products.